Three American presidents have spent nearly 16 years alternately cajoling, coaxing, threatening and bombing Pakistan, all with a goal of trying to change the Pakistani government’s decisions about the factions it supports in Afghanistan’s desperate civil war.
The Trump administration’s evolving UN policy is a case study in how policymaking in the administration remains a work in progress amid competing worldviews, absent or unclear guidance, and an idiosyncratic president. There are deep ideological divisions within the White House about America’s role in the world.
Joseph Kabila, like Mobutu Sese Seko before him, has used his position as Democratic Republic of Congo president to amass wealth for himself and his family. Unfortunately democracy hasn’t changed the equation that political power has been the road to self-enrichment. As new political elites have come to the fore, the race to fill their personal coffers has been accompanied by little redistribution of wealth by the government, scant investment in infrastructure, job creation or social services.
This essay explores the themes of United Nations (UN) peacekeeping offensive operations and Unexploded Ordinance (UXOs), Explosive Remnants of War (ERW) and Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs). As the character of conflict changes, there is an increased international focus on IEDs. The traditional threat of ERW has been further complicated by the preponderance of IEDs in war-affected countries.
The People’s Liberation Army is the biggest single provider of troops for the United Nation’s peacekeeping force, known as the Blue Helmets.
CGTN’s John Terrett reports.
We seldom, if ever, see the PLA or its generals at United Nations headquarters, but we do see Ambassador Liu Jieyi and Beijing’s team of diplomats everyday in the Security Council dealing with the most serious of world issues.