The number of wars and the deaths they cause have been steadily decreasing since the post-World War II period. But changes in both the nature of conflict and the degree to which it is broadcast to a global public have underscored the need for effective peacemaking, while also changing our approaches to achieving a stable peace. Richard Gowan looks at the U.N.’s shift toward aggressive and riskier peacemaking missions.
Despite a strong evidence base and widespread affirmations of the connections between peace, good governance, and development, these issues remain among the most controversial in the post-2015 development agenda and are at risk of being left off the agenda in the intergovernmental process to forge a final agreement.
At the end of October 2013, Ambassadors from the Group of Latin American and Caribbean Countries in the United Nations, their key negotiators from respective capitals, civil society representatives, and UN System agencies from the region met in an Autumn Retreat on the Post-2015 Agenda. The retreat was sponsored by the United Nations Development Group for Latin America and the Caribbean with the participation of the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean.
The debate on what should follow the Millennium Development Goals after their 2015 deadline is now underway in earnest. But in some ways, agreeing to the new goals is the easy part. Governments also need to reach agreement on how those goals will be delivered – a question that touches on both financing and policies in a much wider range of areas, like trade, migration, sustainability, technology, and global governance reform.
On November 21, 2013 the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs, NUPI, hosted a seminar with Richard Gowan, Editor of the Annual Review of Global Peace Operations 2013 and Associate Director at the Center on International Cooperation, New York University. The Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs is a primary supporter of the Annual Review as part of its long-standing partnership with the Center on International Cooperation.