After a marathon negotiation session, the Open Working Group (OWG) on the Sustainable Development Goals finalized its outcome document.

In West Africa, civil wars have receded, democracy has gained ground and economies are growing. But a destructive new threat is jeopardizing this progress: with local collusion, international drug cartels are undermining our countries and communities, and devastating lives.

Jun 18, 2014
Camino Kavanagh

This new Routledge volume, edited by Marco Wyss and Thierry Tardy provides a comprehensive analysis of the trends and challenges of international peacekeeping in Africa. In their contribution to the volume, former CIC staff member Megan Gleason-Roberts and CIC Senior Program Officer Alischa Kugel analyze the changing dimensions of international peacekeeping in Africa, including how civilian-led political missions, regional deployments and over the horizon security guarantees are increasingly important tools for crisis response.

Feb 25, 2014
Alischa Kugel , Megan Gleason-Roberts

The main objective of this background paper is to develop a preliminary overview of i) the international, regional and national policy and operational responses that have been developed in response to drug trafficking in West Africa to date, and the types of drugs they target; ii) the implementation status of these initiatives; iii) the perceived impact of these responses to date, including the mechanisms that have been established to monitor and measure impact and effectiveness; and iv) the main multi- and bi-lateral partners engaged in supporting regional efforts to stem drug trafficking.

Sep 02, 2013
Camino Kavanagh
West Africa
Organized Crime

 In early 2013, peace operations have entered new and uncharted waters that may set the stage for major changes in multilateral conflict management in the years to come.

France is continuing offensive operations in Mali, but has indicated that it wants to start handing over security duties to a United Nations peacekeeping force in the coming months. This would probably involve putting some of the African troops already in Mali in blue helmets. But the UN will also need to find additional units to support the new mission. A credible UN force would need to deploy somewhere between 5,000 and 10,000 soldiers.

Feb 11, 2013
Richard Gowan
West Africa

Organized crime, public and private sector corruption, and the involvement of political actors in criminal activity are all long-standing features of political societies, regardless of country. But for developing countries, addressing these issues takes on heightened urgency and complexity: organized crime can derail development progress and foster broader insecurity. Delinking organized crime from politics while enhancing legitimate governance and the delivery of services will remain the most important challenge for many developing countries.

Up until recently relegated to the status of tactical issue, organised crime is now a recognised strategic threat with detrimental effects on security, stability, governance and development. As for the latter, countries on the way to meeting their Millennium Development Goals, may now not do so due to the damaging effects of organised criminal activities, most notably narcotics trafficking.

These reports are part of a series of background documents prepared for the Commission on the Impact of Drug Trafficking on Governance, Security and Development in West Africa (WACD). The series editor is CIC Fellow Camino Kavanagh.

As Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and his advisers look for the resources for a new generation of missions, they will face pressure to cut costs and downsize existing missions -- even if that means leaving some fragile states’ problems unresolved.

Read the full World Politics Review article here

Apr 22, 2013
Richard Gowan
Middle East, Syria, West Africa
United Nations

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